Background of Forestry & Wood Processing Industry
With the increasing use of wood, approximately 15 million tons of waste wood are generated globally every year. However, less than 20% of wood resources are recycled.
Where is Wood Waste from?
Wood Waste from Forest Planting
In forest planting, wood waste mainly consists of trunks and branches from trees. They are usually produced during the daily maintenance of forests.
Wood Waste from Forest Harvest
Logging and timber harvesting operations produce these wastes, which include materials unfit for commercial use. They include small trees, tree tops, and un-merchantable wood left in the forest after harvesting.
Waste Wood from Sawmill
These wastes are generated during the processing of sawn timber in sawmills. They’re by-products and residues from the sawing process, including wood scraps, including logs, wood chips, bark, sawdust, and shavings.
Wood Processing Factory
Waste Wood from Wood Processing Factory
Wood processing waste refers to materials generated during the production of wood products. They encompass a range of by-products from all aspects of the wood industry.
Wood Board Processing: This kind of wood waste involves the waste generated during the cutting, shaping, and finishing of wood board manufacturing.
Furniture Production: It includes the offcuts generated during the furniture manufacturing process. In addition, it also includes wooden parts of used furniture.
Wood Waste from Gardening
Garden waste is a biological type of waste. They are collected during municipal garden maintenance activities. It typically consists of branches, sticks, trimmings, and various multiple woody organic wastes.
Limitation of Existing Treatment of Wood Waste
Accumulation & Landfilling
Accumulation & Landfilling:
Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Greenhouse gases such as methane can be released during the accumulation and decomposition of wood waste.
Limited Space: Landfill space is limited, and excessive accumulation of wood waste can lead to the depletion of available landfill space.
Fire Risk: Wood waste that is stockpiled or landfilled is often left unattended. As a flammable material, it may pose a fire hazard.
Air Pollution: Burning releases particulate matter and harmful gases, such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds.
Incomplete Combustion: Moisture and volatile matter are present in wood. Even as a fuel, burning wood directly does not fully unleash the combustion performance of the wood.
CO/CO2 Emissions: Although wood is considered a renewable resource, burning it releases CO/CO2, resulting in greenhouse gas emissions.
Slow Decomposition: Wood materials decompose slowly compared to other organic waste. This results in large amounts of waste wood facing short-term disposal challenges.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions: During the composting process breakdown of wood waste may lead to the release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
Solution for Wood Recycling – Wood Charcoal Making Machine
With the rise of the concept of sustainable development, there is an increasing emphasis on developing more environmentally friendly methods to manage wood processing waste. Beston Group presents the wood to charcoal solution with its innovative wood charcoal machine. This machine utilizes pyrolysis technology to efficiently break down large quantities of waste wood, achieving “waste reduction“. Simultaneously, it transforms discarded wood into versatile and economically valuable charcoal, achieving “resource utilization“.
This solution effectively addresses the issue of accumulated waste wood, yielding positive environmental impacts. Furthermore, it contributes to diversifying products in the forestry and wood processing industry, fostering their sustainable development. This wood to charcoal solution perfectly conforms to the green circular economy’s principles.
How to Make Charcoal From Wood Waste?
Wood to charcoal machine uses wood resources as raw materials. After pyrolysis, the carbon and hydrogen elements in the raw materials are converted into mixed combustible gases with high calorific value. It also produces charcoal and by-products, including wood vinegar and tar. The following is the specific wood charcoal making process for your reference.
This process takes place in the wood carbonization furnace. The reaction temperature is 380℃to 450℃ in a hypoxic and micro-pressure environment.
- Step 1- Dehydrate: Remove internal water;
- Step 2- Demethylation: Remove hydrogen, methane, ethane, carbon monoxide and other mixed biogas;
- Step 3- Volatile release: Remove tar, methanol, ethylene, and other substances.
Application of Wood Charcoal
Wood from forests and wood processing can be recycled by wood biomass pyrolysis plant. Meanwhile, charcoal comes back to serve these sectors in a sustainable cycle. What’s more, because of application versatility, charcoal finds widespread use across various industries.
Circular Application of Wood Charcoal
Soil Remediation or Improvement in Foresty Industry
Wood charcoal produced by pyrolysis is a kind of biochar. So it can be returned to the forest industry for soil remediation or improvement purposes. Wood charcoal’s porous structure helps the soil retain water and aeration. Its alkaline nature helps reduce soil acidity. This improved soil structure helps forest plant roots grow deeper into the soil. Consequently, forest plants have increased access to nutrition and improved resistance to fire, drought, wind, and cold.
Providing Fuel for Wood Processing Industry
Freshly cut wood contains a lot of water. To ensure the quality of wood products, drying the wood is essential. The sawdust charcoal making machine can convert wood processing waste into charcoal. It can serve as a fuel to dry the logs. This self-sufficient fuel supply reduces the use of traditional fossil energy. Through the recycling and reuse of waste wood, the wood processing industry realizes a closed loop of the circular value chain.
Diverse Applications of Wood Charcoal
Metallurgical Reducing Agent
By improving farmland quality, charcoal reduces traditional agriculture’s reliance on chemical fertilizers. In addition, adding charcoal to urban green soil improves the stress resistance of urban trees.
As a feed additive, charcoal can absorb odors, toxic substances, and bacteria. This improves the animal’s digestive health. Its carbonaceous structure can also improve the adsorption of feed and increase the utilization rate of nutrients.
An ideal fuel for barbecues, charcoal generates high temperatures when burned, making it a top choice for outdoor cooking. High-quality barbecue charcoal can also reduce smoke and odor and enhance the taste of grilled food.
Metallurgical Reducing Agent:
Charcoal serves as a reducing agent in the metallurgical process. Plus, it can participate in the smelting of metal ores and reduce oxidized metals to metals. Eucalyptus charcoal is the most widely used.
Charcoal burns extremely well. Therefore, it is widely used in industry as a renewable fuel. Charcoal provides an efficient source of energy in production processes such as steel manufacturing and calcining raw materials.
The charcoal used for hookah requires special treatment. This ensures the right amount of smoke is produced and provides the tobacco with a long-lasting burn time. It provides a pleasurable experience to hookah lovers.
Model Parameters of Wood Charcoal Making Machine
As an expert in the wood recycling industry, Beston Group has product systems suitable for different production scales. Therefore, we develop various models of wood charcoal making machines for sale. They vary in processing capacity and the technology they carry. The following are the specific parameters of different models for your reference.
Batch Wood Charcoal Machine
Model: BST-J12/18/40 1 furnace/day
Small land occupied; No crusher or dryer required
Skid-mounted Wood Charcoal Machine
Model: BST-05Pro Compact design
Small land occupied; Convenient to be moved
Continuous Wood Charcoal Machine
Model: BST-10/30/50 Large input capacity
Continuous feeding and discharging; PLC control
|BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)
|Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)
|Weight (Standard Configuration)
|Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)
|Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity
|Double barrel single hearth
|Double barrel double hearth
|Control by buttons
|Micro negative pressure
|Diesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.
|Circulating water cooling
|External gear rotation
Optional Parts of Wood Charcoal Manufacturing Machine
Based on a standard wood biochar machine, Beston Group provides optional parts to meet customers’ specific needs. These parts play an important role in every aspect of the wood charcoal making machine. Based on the following, you can make a choice that suits your actual situation.
Wood contains a higher moisture content. The evaporation of water during the reaction requires additional energy. Using a dryer can improve reaction efficiency and reduce production costs.
The wood is usually larger and irregularly shaped. Crushing wood increases surface area. This improves heat and mass transfer, thereby increasing reaction efficiency.
The condenser helps separate the liquid products from the gaseous products produced after the pyrolysis of wood. The machine can collect useful liquid products such as tar and wood vinegar.
Charcoal Briquette Machine
Charcoal briquette machine can produce charcoal in various shapes according to customer needs, such as barbecue charcoal and hookah charcoal. This increases the charcoal value.
Advanced Wood Charcoal Machine Technology
Energy-saving Pyrolysis Reaction
- Recycling combustible gas as a heat source reduces the use of traditional fossil energy.
- The inner and outer double return heating structure improves thermal efficiency.
Safe Operation Guarantee
- The multi-stage and multi-point sealing structure makes the sealing level reliable.
- Micro-negative pressure operation and multiple explosion-proof facilities ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
Eco-friendly Emissions Design
- The dryer, flue, and exhaust gas emission systems are equipped with cyclone dust collectors to reduce dust pollution.
- Exhaust gas spraying and desulfurization treatment ensure no pollutant emissions during the entire production process.
- Customers can use the PLC control system to adjust operating parameters and monitor material characteristic indicators.
- Customers can remotely monitor machine operation in real-time through the Internet of Things system (optional).
Customer-centric Philosophy: Addressing Things You Care About
For customers in the forest and wood processing industries, raw material resources are no longer a concern. However, the cost of disposing of waste wood, the environmental compliance of the project, and equipment installation and maintenance are likely to be the focus of their attention. For these problems, Beston will provide you with relevant solutions. Please trust us.
Wood Waste Treatment Costs and ROI
Here, we offer a detailed ROI table for your reference. You will find that investing in a wood charcoal making machine for sale is cost-effective.
|Return on Investment of BST-50 Wood Chips Carbonization Project in The Middle East Regin
|Fixed Investment Cost
|From China to Destination Port
|From Port to Site
|Beston technician's salary
|Round -trip airtickets
|Two welders are needed
|Crane forklift etc.
|Installation materials ready
|Foundation, pipe, etc.
|Environmental, firefighting, etc.
|End Products Price
|30% of input
|8% of input
|2% of input
The environmental compliance of wood biochar production equipment is crucial. We can help you conduct an EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment ). Moreover, we provide technical documentation support for project permit applications. We assure you that our wood charcoal manufacturing machine is outstanding in environmental friendliness. The standard or high-configuration de-dusting systems can meet different needs. The highest level of smoke emissions can comply with EU emission standards.
Equipment Installation and Maintenance
The installation and maintenance of equipment are vital for project success. For installation, our professional engineer team offers on-site installation service. For routine maintenance, we provide professional training to help customers develop on-site professional production and operation teams. Additionally, we offer relevant paper manuals to address common machine operation issues.
Numbers to Understand Beston Group’s Strength
We fully understand the cautious attitude of customers when choosing machinery suppliers. This is very wise. We assure you that Beston Group is worthy of your trust. We are：
in Waste Recycling Industry
Years of Manufacturing Experience
Successful Cases of Wood Recycling
Successful Cases of Waste Recycling
Global Cases of Wood To Charcoal Projects
Many customers in the forestry and wood processing industry have placed their trust in our wood charcoal machine and solution. And our machines have lived up to their expectations. They have played a crucial role in the “reduction”, and “resource utilization”. You can now browse the following cases for reference. In addition, if you want to know more about biomass recycling options, such as coconut shells, palm kernel shells, rice husks, etc., you can also consult us.
One-stop Service for Wood Recycling Investors
Consultation & Communication
- Obtain detailed customer requirements through communication.
- Invite customers to online meetings and on-site visits.
Customize Configuration Plan
- Conduct material sample testing to confirm the configuration plan.
- The final solution combines customer needs and budget considerations.
Report on Production & Shipping
- Update the production progress of wood charcoal machines.
- Monitor the transportation process after shipment.
Infrastructure Construction Guide
- Guide customers in advance for the foundation construction.
- Contact customers in advance to prepare auxiliary items needed on-site.
Stable Operation Assurance
- Provide a lifetime supply of spare parts.
- Offer guidance on technical upgrades.
Installation Technical Support
- The installation engineer goes to the local site for installation guidance.
- Conduct on-site inspections by engineers after installation for troubleshooting.
Partner with Us
Established in 2013, Beston Group has been dedicated to pioneering advancements in wood charcoal making machines. If you are seeking a wood to charcoal solution for waste wood treatment, please consider Beston Group as your solution provider. Our rich project experience and professional technical team will be your strong support.
Suggestions for Choosing Wood Species to Make Charcoal
In theory, almost any type of wood can be processed by wood charcoal manufacturing machine. However, since common applications have specific requirements for combustion performance, wood selection becomes critical. Generally, hardwood and softwood are common classifications, and here are some of the wood species commonly used in charcoal production.
Hardwood Suitable for Making Charcoal
This kind od wood usually comes from deciduous trees that shed their broad leaves in winter, such as oak and maple. In terms of burning efficiency, due to higher density, hardwood generally has a longer burning time and can release more heat. Moreover, it produces less smoke during combustion. Therefore, hardwood is well-suited for charcoal production.
Beech: Its high carbon content and uniform texture contribute to the production of high-quality wood charcoal.
Oak: Oak’s wood fiber structure is robust and capable of yielding sturdy and durable charcoal. Oak charcoal exhibits excellent burning performance, producing a stable and long-lasting flame.
Eucalyptus: It has a short growth cycle, high wood density, and no distinctive odor. Additionally, eucalyptus charcoal has low ash content, with a carbon content that can reach up to 90%. These characteristics make it an excellent raw material for making wood charcoal.
Cherry wood, hickory wood, and walnut: They possess the advantages of hardwood mentioned above. Moreover, their slightly fruity flavor makes them ideal for grilling and smoking foods.
Softwood Suitable for Making Charcoal
Softwood usually comes from evergreen trees which have needle-like leaves, like pine and spruce. Such kind of wood often contains more resin. Therefore, this means that it tends to produce more smoke and less pleasant odors when burned. However, softwood is usually cheaper than hardwood, thus some people choose it for wood pyrolysis. Want to learn more information on waste wood treatment? Visit our LinkedIn page.
Spruce: It is relatively light and softer than hardwood. It is easier to shave into fine particles or shapes. Therefore, spruce charcoal may be more suitable for making charcoal drawing pencils.
Pine: It is inexpensive, easy to burn, and lightweight. So pine charcoal is convenient for carrying. Thus pine charcoal become one choice for outdoor cooking, particularly for long-distance and long-time outdoor adventures.