Plastic into Fuel Machine

Plastic to fuel machine offers an alternative solution to waste recycling and fossil fuel usage. Through pyrolysis technology, the machine converts waste plastic into pyrolysis oil, a high-quality fuel. Thus, this innovative machine promotes solid waste management by reusing plastic waste. Furthermore, it relieves current pressure on fossil fuel supplies. For recyclers, plastic into fuel machine not only provides a more efficient recycling solution, but plastic pyrolysis oil also creates higher economic value.

Plastic to High-quality Fuel

Current Dilemma of Waste Plastic Recycling

400 Million
tons Plastic Production per year
8 Million
tons Directly into Ocean per year
850 Million
tons Carbon Emissions from Incineration per year
years Degradation Time

Disposal Method of Waste Plastic

Disposal Method of Waste Plastic

Negative Impacts of Discarded Plastic

Ecological Threats

  • Land: Plastic waste accumulated in the soil for a long time will hinder soil fertility, aeration and water penetration. This affects plant growth.
  • Atmosphere: During incineration of plastics, harmful substances, especially dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls, are released. It negatively affecting air quality.
  • Ocean: Discharge of plastic into the ocean leads to marine life ingesting the plastic. In addition, harmful substances are passed throughout the food chain.

Ecological Threats of Waste Plastic

Resource Consumption

  • Social Resource: Disposal of plastic requires a large amount of social resources. Recycling plastic waste requires huge amounts of money to set up and maintain recycling facilities. Meanwhile, plastic recycling projects also involve significant labor, technical and managerial staff.
  • Fossil Resource: Lack of effective plastic recycling methods leads to significant waste accumulation. However, plastic production heavily relies on non-renewable fossil fuels such as crude oil and natural gas. Neglect of discarded plastics means the unsustainable consumption of fossil resources.

Resource Consumption of Waste Plastic

Energy Transition is Imminent

Traditional Fossil Energy Faces Difficulties

  • Fossil Fuel Dominance: The existing energy structure comprises 30% crude oil, 25% coal, 25% natural gas, 15% alternative energy, and 5% nuclear energy. In the global energy structure, fossil fuel (including crude oil, natural gas and coal) still dominates. However, global greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise due to the use of traditional fossil energy.
  • Transition in a Dilemma: As non-renewable energy source, the global reserves of fossil energy are gradually decreasing. This poses a severe challenge to energy supply. Paradoxically,, the mining, processing and transportation of fossil energy have established a huge infrastructure system. Transition of these systems requires a lot of time and capital investment.

Traditional Fossil Energy Faces Challenges

Chance and Challenge Coexist in Alternative Fuels

  • Clean Fuels from Waste: Alternative fuel production takes the form of waste-to-wealth. This valuable fuel is from various wastes such as plastics, tyres, biomass, etc. In addition, the combustion of alternative fuels such as pyrolysis oil, biogas, and bioethanol has lower emissions. Therefore, the use of alternative fuels can alleviate the emission pollution of fossil resources.
  • Technical & Cost Barriers: Technically, some alternative fuels are still in the development stage and face significant technical issues. In addition, the production of alternative fuels may face high initial investment and production costs. To make alternative fuels cost-competitive with fossil fuels, continuous technological progress and stable cost control are required.

Chance and Challenges Coexist in Alternative Fuels

Exploration of Converting Waste Plastic into Fuel

In recent years, people have begun to explore the possibility of converting waste plastics into fuel. There are currently two main forms of fuel, direct incineration of plastics and pyrolysis oil from plastic to fuel machine. Below is a comparison of the fuel performance between these two plastic-derived fue:

Direct Plastic Incineration

Some projects try to burn plastics directly in incinerators to obtain energy. Although this method can generate some energy, it also comes with emission issues.

Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Plastics undergo pyrolysis reactions in high-temperature, oxygen-free environments to form pyrolysis oil. In this process, long-chain polymers in plastics break down into short hydrocarbon chains that are more energy efficient. In addition, gases and volatile substances contained in plastics are released at high temperatures. Pyrolysis oil is therefore a purer fuel.

Below is a comparison of the two fuels:

Fuel Form Plastic Incineration Pyrolysis Oil
Energy Efficiency Low (Incomplete Combustion) High (Stable Energy Supply)
Fuel Quality Contains Impurities & Contaminants Free of Impurities & Contaminants
Emissions Produce Air Pollutants & Toxic Substances Less Emissions

In the growing fields of plastics management and energy production, the superiority of plastic pyrolysis oil as a fuel source is obvious. This shift to more sustainable fuels represents the future of waste utilization. Especially, plastic to fuel machine, also called plastic pyrolysis machine, plays a key role in the efficient production of this revolutionary fuel.

3 Types Plastic to Fuel Machine for Sale


Skid-mounted Type

  • Model: BLJ-3
  • Smaller floor space
  • Less transportation costs
  • Easy to operate and maintain

Batch Type

  • Model: BLJ-6 BLJ-10 and BLJ-16
  • One furnace a day
  • Multiple capacity options
  • No need for plastic pretreatment

Continuous Type

  • Model: BLL-30
  • Continuous feeding & discharging
  • Intelligent control
  • High return on investment
Capacity1-3t/d4-6t/d8-10t/d12-16t/d8t/d (only for rubber powder)30-35t/d
Working ProcessBatchBatchBatchBatchSemi-continuousFully continuous
Reactor Sizeφ1400*4900mmφ2200*6000mmφ2600*6600mmφ2800*7100mmφ2800*7100mmφ1800*18500mm
Reactor MaterialQ345RQ345RQ345RQ345RQ345R310S stainless steel
Drive System350 reducer+4kw drive motor400 reducer+5.5kw drive motor400 reducer+5.5kw drive motor500 reducer+7.5kw drive motor500 reducer+7.5kw drive motorZQH650-50 reducer+15kw frequency conversion motor
Land (L*W*H)18m*4.2m*6m30m*12m*8m30m*13m*8m33m*13m*8m33m*13m*8m70m*20m*10m
Burner2*200,000 kcal2*300,000 kcal2*300,000 kcal2*400,000 kcal2*400,000 kcal2.5 million kcal per set
Total Weight of Shipped MaterialsAbout 18tAbout 24.5tAbout 28tAbout 34.5tAbout 34.5tAbout 150t
Number of Containers1*40HQ1*40FR+1*40HQ+1*20 GP1*40FR+2*40HQ1*40FR+2*40HQ1*40FR+2*40HQ25m*8m bulk cargo+8*40HQ
Noise (dB)≤60≤60≤60≤60≤60≤60
Heating MaterialsFuel oil (including tyre/plastic pyrolysis oil), natural gas, LPG, diesel, etc.
Condensing SystemVertical Condenserφ426*3000
Single piece condensing area
Single piece condensing area
Single piece condensing area
Single piece condensing area
Single piece condensing area
2 sets of vertical condenser
3-in-1 Condenser3000*2200*2250
Condensing area
Condensing area
Condensing area
Condensing area
Condensing area

Identifying Plastic for Plastic to Fuel Machine: Classification Guide

Applicability Analysis

Types of Plastic Coming from Applicability
Polyethylene Terephthalate Transparent bottles & packaging etc. ×
High-Density Polyethylene Plastic pallets, trash cans, etc.
Polyvinyl Chloride Building materials, cable sheaths, circuit boards ×
Low-Density Polyethylene Cling films, freshness protection bags, etc.
Polypropylene Microwave lunch box, fresh-keeping box, etc.
Polystyrene Fast food box, bowl of instant noodles box, etc.
Other Plastics without chlorine and oxygen Various sources
Other plastics with chlorine and oxygen Various sources ×

Oil Yield Analysis



  • Plastics containing oxygen(PET) and halogen elements(PVC) are not suitable. Oxygen-containing plastics pose reaction safety hazards. Combustion of fuel oil containing halogen elements may generate dioxins.
  • Oil yield is based on laboratory data from a single plastic type. It is for reference only. Oil extraction effect of the material needs to be tested through experiments by pyrolysis equipment.

Plastic to Fuel Conversion: Sustainable Power of Catalytic Pyrolysis

01Plastic Feeding

Through the feeding system, the plastic enters the waste plastic to fuel conversion plant. You have a variety of feeding methods to choose from, including manual feeding, hydraulic feeding, and screw feeding. Specific feed size requirements are as follows:

Feeding Method Model Size
Manual/Hydraulic Feeding BLJ-3 less than 0.6m
BLJ-6/10/16 less than 1.2m
Screw Feeding BLJ-3/6/10/16 less than 5cm
BLL-30 less than 2cm

02Oil Gas Formation

  • After the plastic enters the preheated plastic pyrolysis chamber the pyrolysis reaction begins.
  • When the reaction temperature reaches 180℃, oil and gas begin to be generated in the furnace.
  • When the reaction temperature reaches 280-350℃, oil and gas are produced on a large scale.

03Oil Gas Condensation

  • High-temperature oil and gas enter the catalytic tower and mainfold. Waxy and heavy oils are separated in this process.
  • After the condensable oil gas enters the oil channel condenser, the plastic pyrolysis oil formed enters the oil storage tank.

04Solid Residue Discharge

After cooling down at the end of production, the solid residue is discharged through the slag discharging system. You can choose a three-channel water-cooled slag discharge system to achieve high-temperature slag discharge and save cooling time. The final slagging temperature can be reduced to 50-80℃.

05Gas Treatment

  • Non-condensable syngas enters the water seal. After purification, the syngas enters the reactor through the pipeline to provide heat energy. Excess syngas is burned in the exhaust chamber or collected separately as fuel.
  • The high-temperature exhaust gas first passes through the flue condenser to cool down. Subsequently, it enters the cooling tower and spray tower for dust removal. You can choose a high-end exhaust gas treatment system, and the final emissions can meet EU standards.

Strategies for Producing High-Quality Fuel From Plastic to Fuel Machine

Catalytic Pyrolysis

Unlike recycling oil sludge or tyres, pyrolysis reaction occurs in plastic to fuel machine produces wax oil. It can clog the system. Therefore, a supporting catalytic system is required. These mainly include pyrolysis catalytic towers, catalysts, and catalyst regeneration systems. Catalytic pyrolysis can effectively solve the problem of wax condensation and liquefaction. Reducing the production of wax oil can improve the quality of fuel oil. In particular, the pollution-free catalyst can be regenerated and reused.

Plastic Catalytic Pyrolysis to Obtain High-quality Fuel

Oil Distillation

Distillation is to volatilize pyrolysis oil and separate components with different boiling point ranges. This process helps to further separate higher purity and more stable fuel oil. By controlling the reaction conditions, different components can be separated to obtain non-standard gasoline, non-standard diesel, etc. The products after distillation are closer to the market demand for fuel and chemical raw materials. This means the distilled oil has a higher commercial value.

Oil Distillation to Obtain High-quality Fuel

Application Scenarios of Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

PlastIc Pyrolysis Oil for Industrial Fuel

Industrial Fuel

Some factories with large heat energy needs, such as glass factory, steel factory, ceramics factory, cement factory, etc. can use oil from plastic to oil machine as industrial fuel for energy supply.  It can replace traditional fuel oil or natural gas and be used in heating furnaces, boilers and other equipment.

PlastIc Pyrolysis Oil for Power Generator

Power Generation

Plastic pyrolysis oil can undergo further distillation processing. After removing the gasoline components, customers can use the obtained non-standard diesel components in heavy oil generator sets to generate electricity. This helps reduce the negative environmental impact of fossil fuel demand.

PlastIc Pyrolysis Oil for Plastic Production

Plastic Production

The core step in the production of plastics is the polymerization of fossil raw material extracts. In some cases, plastic manufacturer can use plastic pyrolysis oil as a partial substitute for raw materials in plastic production. This helps recycle discarded plastics and promote the development of a circular economy.

Current Opportunities for Plastic to Fuel Business Plan

Currently, plastic bans are prevalent around the world. Even if some areas do not implement this policy, plastic recycling remains an important part of environmental protection policies. Therefore, the plastic to fuel machine has good prospects for development.

Plastic to Fuel Business Plan in Europe

Huge Recycling Demand

With plastic bans in place, demand for alternative ways to deal with plastic waste is likely to surge. Additionally, increased awareness of environmental issues and demand for sustainable practices may prompt consumers and industry to support recycling initiatives. This is undoubtedly a boost to the plastics to fuel business plan.

Government Policy Incentives

Governments often create policies and incentives to promote eco-friendly technologies. In response to a plastic ban, governments may offer incentives, subsidies or tax breaks to companies working on innovative recycling methods, such as plastic fuel technology. Recyclers can take advantage of government support to reap financial benefits and grow their businesses.

Plastic Industry Transformation

Plastic bans require the plastics industry to shift in a more sustainable direction. This transformation is in line with the overall trend of circular economy and sustainable resource management. Plastic to fuel technology can position itself as key players in this evolving landscape. This thus contributes to the sustainable development of the plastics industry.

Profitability Analysis of Plastic to Fuel Machine

BLJ-16 Plastic Pyrolysis Project in South America
IntroductionAccording to the market data of South America, the estimated ROI report, the various expenses are as follows:
ItemDetailsUnitUnit price/USDQuantityAmount/USDTotal amountRemark
Fixed Investment CostEquipmentBLJ-16Set169650.001.00169650.00Supporting high-end exhaust dust removal and 304 stainless steel main furnace material
TransportationFrom China to Santa Marta portSet23362.001.0023362.00Frame Delivery should through
Hamburg, then deliver to Czech.
Customs tax16%Set27144.001.0027144.00
InstallationBeston technician's salaryDay150.0050.007500.00
Round -trip airticketsEa5200.002.0010400.00
Local laborDay20.006.00120.004 labors are needed
MaterialsInstallation materials readySet5200.001.005200.00Foundation, pipe, etc.
LicenseEnvironmental, firefighting, etc.Set2000.001.002000.00
Workshop10001000.000.008 years
Operating CostRaw materialsplasticTon20.008.00160.00
Electricity/KWH0.22562.00123.6418 hours per day
FuelPyrolysis oilkg150.000.00
Depreciation8 yearsDay80.001.0080.00
End Products PricePyrolysis oil70%Ton4805.452616.00
Daily IncomeUS$1,615.29
Monthly IncomeWorking dayDay25US$40,382.35

Beston Group Bring Innovations to Plastic Recycling Worldwide

As an experienced manufacturer and solution provider, Beston Group meets various plastic recycling challenges with high manufacturing standards and strong R&D capabilities. We can provide you with excellent quality equipment at reasonable plastic to fuel machine price. In addition, Beston Group is consistently enhancing R&D efforts in converting plastic into high-quality fuel. We hava established long-term and stable cooperative relationships with many customers. Here are some successful cases for your reference.

Partner with Beston

Plastic to fuel machine contributes to sustainable waste management. If you would like to get involved in a plastic recycling project, contact us! Just tell us your needs and Beston Group will customize a professional plastic recycling solution for you. In particular, if you want to know more information related to solid waste recycling, you can follow us on Facebook.

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