As people are knowing biochar deeper and deeper, the biochar making machine has become more and more popular, especially in the European market. More and more people are considering investing or have invested in the machine. In this page, we will introduce the biochar machine by answering the questions below, and will also introduce Beston’s advantages and strength in this field.
What is Biochar? Why is Biochar So Valuable?
Biochar refers to a charcoal-like substance that’s made by burning organic material from agricultural and forestry wastes (also called biomass) in a thermal decomposition conversion process called pyrolysis. During the pyrolysis process without oxygen, the biomass materials are burned in a container (generally called biochar reactor) with high temperature. Then the organic material in biomass converted into biochar, a stable form of carbon that can’t easily escape into the atmosphere. Biochar is more efficient at converting carbon into a stable form by far and is cleaner than other forms of charcoal. Have a look at different shapes of biochar:
Why is biochar so valuable?
The biochar has many unique characteristics, which can be widely applied in many industries. You never need to worry about its sale and usage.
- High Output Rate – for making high-quality charcoal from biomass;
- Wide Applications – used for recycling/heating/cooking, etc.;
- Lower Acidity – for soil improvement;
- Stable – for carbon fixation and emission reduction.
About Biochar Making - Raw Materials/ Production Process/ Equipment
Raw Materials Suitable for Bio Charcoal Making Machine
Almost all the agriculture or forestry wastes can be used for making biochar. Here are some examples for your reference. If you are not sure if your materials can be used for bio charcoal making, please contact us for the accurate answers and related testing.
- Biomass waste: such as rice husk, coconut shells, palm kernel shell, bamboo, wood chips, sawdust, olive husk, coffee husk, fruit husk, hazelnut husk, oak, jute stalks, sugarcane bagass, peanut husk, sunflower stalks, plant straw, peach pit, etc.
- Sludge: such as municipal sludge, river sludge, industrial sludge;
- Domestic waste: Municipal domestic waste.
How to Make Biochar?
The whole biochar making process is finished under the help of biochar making machine, which has been divided into 3 parts: drying, endothermic pyrolysis and carbonization.
- Drying: in the drying stage (inner barrel), the temperature is around 150℃. The external and internal moisture of the raw materials are evaporated by the heat supplied from the outside, and the shape of the raw materials does not change at the same time.
- Endothermic pyrolysis: in the endothermic pyrolysis stage at 220-270℃, the raw materials begin to decompose and release gaseous products (such as CQ, CO2, H2S, etc.). The chemical composition of the raw materials begin to change, and the temperature at which different materials begin to pyrolyze is different. Materials with a low degree of deterioration also start at a lower temperature for pyrolysis.
- Carbonization: the temperature in the carbonization stage us 270-440℃, and the reaction is mainly polycondensation and thermal decomposition in the portable biochar kiln. A large amount of volatiles are precipitated from the raw materials, and almost all products such as methanol, and ethylene precipitated in the carbonization process are produced in this stage.
What is Biochar Making Machine?
In the production process, the biochar making machine takes advantages of the agriculture wastes or forestry wastes that are rich in lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose, such as straw, sawdust, rice husk, fruit shell, coconut shell, palm shell, tree bark, logs, etc. In the high-temperature oxygen-free pyrolysis process, the carbon and hydrogen elements in the raw materials are converted into high-calorie mixed combustible gas, biochar and by-products: wood vinegar and tar.
- Wood vinegar: anti-insect fungicide to protect crops; pesticide intermediates to kill pests; soil amendment to improve the quality of soil;
- Tar: basic raw material for smelting bio-diesel;
- Combustible gas: heat the carbonization furnace for secondary use.
Where/How Will You Use a Biochar Making Machine? - Application Scenarios
Soil Remediation and Improvement?
The generated biochar from biomass can significantly increase soil PH, change soil texture, and increase base exchange capacity, thereby causing soil CEC to increase. It affects the absorption of nutrients by plants and improves soil organic matter. On the one hand, biochar can adsorb soil organic molecules and promote the polymerization of small organic molecules to form SOM through surface catalytic activity. On the other hand, the extremely slow decomposition of biochar itself contributes to the formation of humus and promotes the improvement of soil fertility through long-term action. Biochar can also change the form of toxic elements, reduce pollution during plant growth, promote the uptake of nutrient elements, and promote plant growth.
Carbon Sequestration and Emission Reduction?
Biochar is formed through the carbonization process. It is essentially what we use plants to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it into a stable form of carbon that looks like charcoal powder. Biochar can hold carbon in the ground for hundreds of years. The carbon dioxide captured by plants through photosynthesis is converted into biochar, which is sequestered underground and isolated from the atmosphere for hundreds of thousands of years. This is a great way to remove carbon, help fight climate change and reduce carbon emissions.
Industrial Hookah Charcoal or Barbecue Charcoal Production?
Beston biochar making machine adopts carbonization technology with double drum and double fire zone. Through the high temperature dry distillation, it process the waste biomass such as sawdust, coconut shell, straw, rice husk, peanut shell, palm shell, etc. to charcoal, tar, wood vinegar and combustible gas. After that the biochar can be mixed with binder and further processed into barbecue charcoal briquette, shisha cube and other charcoal products. In this way, a fire-resistant, smokeless, and odorless mechanism charcoal can be produced, which not only effectively solves the problem of felling trees, but also makes full use of some abandoned agricultural wastes. What’s more, it develops shisha charcoal that is more economical and popular in the Middle East and European and American markets.
Fuel Alternative Solution for Industry Plants?
Beston Group adopts carbonization technology to obtain charcoal from biomass waste. The finished biochar can be sued as alternative fuel in many industries, such as cement plants, boiler plants, brick plants, ceramic plants, power plants, ships, etc. By this method, it can not only save a lot of money for replacing traditional energy sources, but also open up a new way of revenue for high-energy-consuming factories such as power plants and boiler plants.
Agricultural and Forestry Waste Recycling?
The whole biochar making process adopts the carbonization method of double drum and double fire zone to obtain biomass charcoal, tar wood vinegar and combustible gas by carbonizing agricultural and forestry wastes through high temperature dry distillation (wiki). The finished biochar can be sold or deeply processed into activated carbon, and the combustible gas can be connected to the generator to generate electricity (currently this technology has yet to be broken through). In this way, it not only effectively solves the pollution problem of agricultural and forestry wastes, but also opens up a new way of income for agriculture and forestry, and can also greatly alleviate the energy shortage.
Which Models/Types of Biochar Machines Are for Sale? - Parameters
Having been in carbonization and pyrolysis field for about 10 years, Beston Group has developed the most popular 3 types (mobile, batch and continuous) and 7 models of biochar making machines for sale. The customer can choose the most suitable solution according to the budget, input capacity and land. If you are not sure about which model is the most suitable for you, please contact your solution manager as soon as possible.
|Model||BST-J12||BST-J18||BST-J40||BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)||BST-10||BST-30||BST-50|
|Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)||9m*6m*6m||12m*6m*7m||15m*18m*7m||10m*8m*3.9m||29m*15m*5m||30m*15m*8m||35m*18m*9m|
|Weight (Standard Configuration)||18T||22T||34T||15T||32T||35T||49T|
|Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)||11kw/h||13.5kw/h||25kw/h||31kw/h||34.7kw/h||61.5kw/h||116kw/h|
|Working Method||Batch||Fully continuous|
|Feeding Requirement||/||Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity|
|Structure||Horizontal rotation||Double barrel single hearth||Double barrel double hearth|
|Control Method||Control by buttons||Automatic control|
|Pressure||Micro negative pressure|
|Heating Material||Diesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.|
|Heating Method||Direct heating|
|Condenser||Circulating water cooling|
|Rotation Method||External gear rotation|
Why Should You Choose Beston Biochar Machine? - FAB
01 With Explosion-proof Hole
When the biochar making machine is working, the pressure is slightly negative pressure (the pressure gauge shows that 8mm is negligible). Explosion-proof hole is equipped at the end of the main furnace to prevent the pressure inside the machine from being too large.
02 Equipped with Alarm Device
The PLC electric cabinet has an alarm device, and there will be an alarm display and an alarm for some electrical failures. If any dangerous situation occurs, the alarm will ring to remind the staff and ensure safety.
03 With Explosion-proof Water Seal
There is an explosion-proof water seal at the combustible pipeline to prevent abnormal pressure of combustible gas in the biochar making machine.
04 Variable Frequency Fan Guide
The direction of the gas in the pipelines is led by the fan (the fan is variable frequency), and it will be displayed on the PLC when the pipeline is blocked.
05 Double Barrel Body is Used
Using inner and outer double-layer cylinders, the outer layer is deeply heated. The whole biochar making machine adopts a double return heating structure, which has received high praise rate from the users all over the world.
06 High Heat Efficiency
The materials is not in contact with the flue gas and is not polluted by hot air, and the heat utilization rate of the single-layer external heating structure is more than doubled.
07 Good Energy Saving Effect
The heat utilization rate of the biochar making machine is higher, and the use of air heat exchanger can effectively improve the thermal efficiency by 5-10%, which ensure the good energy saving effect.
08 Internet of Things – IOT
The IOT system can monitor and grasp production usage, operating parameters, faults and other information in real time, to help you master the data and dynamics of your machine in real time.
Is Investing a Biochar Making Machine Profitable? How About Price/Cost?
Yes! Investing a biochar making machine is not only environmental friendly, but also profitable. Please have a look the following economic profit analysis table for your reference.
|Return on Investment of BST-50 Wood Chips Carbonization Project in The Middle East Regin|
|Project Name||5TPH Wood Chips Carbonization|
|Introduction||According to the market data of Middle east region, the estimated ROI report, the various expenses are as follows:|
|Fixed Investment Cost||Item||Details||Unit||Unit price/USD||Quantity||Amount/USD||Remark|
|Transportation||From China to Destination Port||Set||90000||1||90000|
|From Port to Site||Set||5800||1||5800|
|Installation||Beston technician's salary||Day||350||50||17500|
|Round -trip airtickets||Ea||2420||2||4840|
|Local welder||Day||65||100||6500||Two welders are needed|
|Crane forklift etc.||Day||80||30||2400|
|Materials||Installation materials ready||Set||3500||1||3500||Foundation, pipe, etc.|
|License||/||Ea||2000||1||2000||Environmental, firefighting, etc.|
|Operating Cost||Raw materials||Wood chips||Ton||100||120||12000|
|End Products Price||Biochar||0.3||Ton||680||36||24480||30% of input|
|Wood vinegar||0.08||Ton||1280||9.6||12288||8% of input|
|Tar oil||0.02||Ton||450||2.4||1080||2% of input|
|Monthly Income||Working day||Day||25||580057.5|
|Yearly Income||Working day||Day||300||6960690|
Is biochar making machine expensive? Is biochar making machine price or cost high? The biochar making machine price starts at $46000. We never say Beston biochar making machine price is high or low. Just tell us your budget, input capacity and land, our solution manager will provide you a project analysis report to show if the investment is worthy.
Which Biochar Machine Manufacturer Will You Select?
No matter which biochar machine manufactures you are contacting, please add Bestongroup to your consideration, and we will never let you down. As the most professional charcoal machine manufacturer in China, Beston Group has been the most suitable choice for thousands of users.
- C2M: customer directly to manufacturer. Beston has its own factory to guarantee the reasonable charcoal making machine price and timely delivery.
- Rice experience: Beston has produced, exported and installed biochar making machines in more than 30 countries and regions.
- Perfect service: Beston has provided pre-sales, in-sales and after-sales service once you get in touch with Bestongroup.
- Relevant certificates and patents: Beston has obtained the related certificates and patents of biochar making machine to guarantee the quality.