small pyrolysis plant

Batch working method, capacity of 5-10t/d.

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Small Pyrolysis Machine

When the amount of the waste you are planning to recycle by a pyrolysis plant is not that large, you may need a small pyrolysis machine. Beston small type pyrolysis plant is mainly referred to batch pyrolysis plant, which can satisfy your need and won’t lead to any unnecessary waste of area and fuels. Beston offers this kind of machine and tries to make it much practical for the users.

Beston Small Pyrolysis Machine
Beston Small Pyrolysis Machine Installed in Chile

What is Small Pyrolysis Machine?

The small pyrolysis machine is a device that puts puts waste tires or waste plastics in a closed container, heats and cracks them at a certain temperature and pressure to produce liquid oil, non-condensable combustible gas and solid products. It is known as the batch type pyrolysis plant because the working pattern of it is for batches comparing with the continuous pyrolysis plant which can work constantly. Besides, it covers less area and has lower energy consumption. The daily handling capacity is also small and no more than 10t/d.

Vertical small pyrolysis equipment with manual feeding
Vertical small pyrolysis equipment with manual feeding
Vertical small pyrolysis equipment with screw feed
Vertical small pyrolysis equipment with screw feed
Containerized small pyrolysis plant with manual feeding
Containerized small pyrolysis plant with manual feeding
Containerized small pyrolysis plant with screw feed
Containerized small pyrolysis plant with screw feed
Containerized small pyrolysis plant with hydraulic feeder
Containerized small pyrolysis plant with hydraulic feeder
Vertical small pyrolysis machine with hydraulic feeder
Vertical small pyrolysis machine with hydraulic feeder

Raw Materials Suitable for Batch Pyrolysis Plant

Waste tires/rubber: one of the main components of tires is rubber. Different kinds of waste tires and rubber materials can be used for oil generation, including big car tires, truck tires, OTR tires, motorcycle tires, bicycle tires, rubber cable sheath, rubber soles and all the other kinds of rubber sheets or carpets. For example, the oil yield of big car tires, truck tires and OTR tires is 45%-52%; the oil yield of small car tires, motorcycle, bicycle tires is 35%-40%; the oil yield of rubber cable sheath, rubber soles is about 35%; the oil yield of all kinds of rubber sheets or carpets is 30%; the oil yield of Unclassified rubbers is about 35%.

Waste plastics: except for PVC and PET, almost all the other kinds of plastics can be used for pyrolysis to get oil. For example, the oil yield of pure PP, PE, PS can reach more than 90%; the oil yield of ABS is more than 40%; the oil yield of pure white plastic sheets is about 70%; the oil yield of instant noodles packing bags is 40%; the oil yield of plastic logo is 20%; the oil yield of wet paper-mill waste is 15%-20%; the oil yield of dry paper-mill waste is 50%; the oil yield of plastic household garbage is 30%-50%; the oil yield of pure plastic cable sheath is 80%; the oil yield of pure plastic bags is 30%.

Oil sludge: there are floor oil sludge, tank bottom oil sludge, refinery oil sludge, crude oil sludge, petroleum sludge, engine oil sludge, etc. The oil content of different sludge materials determines the oil yield.

Waste Tires
Waste Tires/Rubber
Waste Plastic
Waste Plastic
Oil Sludge
Oil Sludge

Usage of End Products Obtained from Small Scale Pyrolysis Plant

Raw Materials End Products
Waste tires Pyrolysis oil, carbon black, steel wire;
Waste plastics Pyrolysis oil, carbon black;
Oil sludge Pyrolysis oil, water, sand.

Different raw materials generate different end products, and proportions of the final products varies. All the final products generated by the small pyrolysis machine can be sold directly or widely used in many areas.

  • Pyrolysis oil: used as fuel in many industries; refined to diesel by oil distillation system if you want to sell it at a better price or have wider applications;
  • Carbon black: used as the raw material to produce fortifiers, filler and colorant in rubber and plastic industry;
  • Steel Wires: reused in steel-making factory to produce steel rods.
Tyre Pyrolysis Oil
Pyrolysis Oil
Carbon Black
Carbon Black
Steel Wire
Steel Wire

Working Process Description of Small Batch Pyrolysis Machine

Taking waste tires as the feeding materials, the process is divided into the following steps:

STEP1. Reaction

Feed the waste tires into vacuum pyrolysis reactor by manual or automatic method, including belt conveyor, hydraulic feeder and auto screw feeder.

After putting tires into reactor and sealing the reactor door, start the burner for preheating. When the reactor temperature reaches to around 150 degrees, which takes about 2h, it will start producing oil gas.

The oil gas will firstly go from reactor to manifold. The purpose of manifold is to separate sludge oil from oil gas. The syngas then will be directed to cooling system oil condenser to be liquefied.  The liquid oil will remain in the oil tank while the non-condensable gas will go through hydro-seal, which is to purify the gas and prevent backfire as a safety device.

Finally the non-condensable gas return back to combustion chamber to burn as substitute of fuel. Usually the burner for preheating can be shut down after 2 hours once the system starts to generate oil gas.

Every batch of reaction will generate more than enough gas than the system can consume. Taking 10 tons pyrolysis for instance, the surplus gas will be around 200m3. The surplus gas can be either burned out in the waste combustion chamber or reserved in airbag to use later.

STEP2. De-dusting

The smoke from burning from both the combustion chamber and waste combustion chamber will go through a flue condenser before reaching to the de-dusting tower. The flue condenser will reduce the temperature of hot smoke from 400 to 200 degrees. This is to protect draft fan from damaging caused by high temperature. The De-dusting tower consists of three parts, the water tank, the spray tower and the chimney. In order to meet the emission standard, the hot smoke will go through two layers of ceramic ring absorption and water spray from the tower before releasing.

STEP3. Discharging

Taking BLJ-10 small pyrolysis equipment for instance, it takes 10h to react. After the reaction, the temperature of reactor need to cool down to 100 degrees, and it will take about 7h, then start discharging. The carbon black will discharge from the rear end of the reactor by the first auto discharger, then the cooling discharger, finally to the ash tank. The discharging will take about 2 hours.

STEP4. Wire Extraction

If the feeding material is whole tyre or big tyre pieces, at the end of the process, the wire needs to be extracted from front door of reactor. When using the whole tyre, the extraction is done by pulling by a forklift; when using the tyre pieces, the extraction can be done by the small discharge door locate in front face of reactor.

batch pyrolysis plant
Two Sets of Beston Batch Pyrolysis Plants Installed in Turkey

Basic Parameters of Beston Small Pyrolysis Machine for Sale

Model BLJ-6 BLJ-10
Capacity 4-6t/d 8-10t/d
Working Process Batch Batch
Reactor Size φ2200*6000mm φ2600*6600mm
Reactor Material Q245R Q245R
Drive System 400 reducer+5.5kw drive motor 400 reducer+5.5kw drive motor
Land (L*W*H) 30m*12m*8m 30m*13m*8m
Power 37.85kw 44.3kw
Burner 2*300,000 kcal 2*300,000 kcal
Total Weight of Shipped Materials About 24.5t About 28t
Number of Containers 1*40FR+1*40HQ+1*20 GP 1*40FR+2*40HQ
Noise (dB) ≤60 ≤60
Heating Materials Fuel oil (including tyre/plastic pyrolysis oil), natural gas, LPG, diesel, etc.
Condensing System Vertical Condenser φ630*3600
Single piece condensing area
Single piece condensing area
3-in-1 Condenser 5800*2260*2500
Condensing area
Condensing area

Advantages of Beston Small Scale Pyrolysis Unit

  1. The whole pyrolysis process of the small pyrolysis unit is safe, energy-saving and environmental-friendly;
  2. The small pyrolysis plant design is strictly implemented in accordance with national standards, machinery industry standards, industry standards, etc., so as to ensure the interchangeability, safety, reliabilityand quality are guaranteed (GB/T32662-2016, NB/T47003.1-2009, GB/T 51007-2014, GB/T 50770-2013, GB/T713-2008, JB/T5994-1992, JB/T5000.3-2007, etc.);
  3. Perform product testing and pre-installation in strict accordance with the ITP plan, and must meet the product safety and quality requirements of each link;
  4. It is designed with multiple safety protection devices and safety instrument valves, which can perform multi-point and multi-position monitoring, and understand the operating temperature and pressure of each component in real time, which is extremely safe;
  5. The installation engineer conducts professional installation and commissioning at the installation site, estimates the blind spots of the safety assessment, and passes the local safety assessment and testing once.

Small Scale Pyrolysis Unit
Beston Small Scale Pyrolysis Unit Shipped to Egypt

Superior Than the Other Batch Pyrolysis Plants

The batch pyrolysis plant designed by China Beston Group has many features that the plants from the other manufactures do not have, such as:

  1. The post-slagging design makes the whole pyrolysis process tidy and the efficiency high;
  2. The residual oil tank guarantee the safety;
  3. The visual hydro-seal can help us observe the internal situation;
  4. The modular condensing system and de-dusting system can be designed according to the customers’special requirement and situation, which is also easy for delivery, transportation, installation and maintenance;
  5. The installation cycle is shortened, which greatly save cost for customers.;
  6. All the products of Beston have got the certificatesof CE, ISO and SGS..

small scale pyrolysis plant
Beston Small Scale Pyrolysis Plant Installed in Jordan

Successful Cases and Users Evaluations of Beston BLJ-6/10 Small Pyrolysis Machines

As one of the top pyrolysis plant manufacturers in China, Beston Machinery has been exported and installed pyrolysis machines all over the world. The following two videos are users evaluations in Indonesia and Zimbabwe. Besides, we have listed some cases for your reference.

Why Choose a Small Scale Pyrolysis Equipment?

Ideal for All Kinds of Customers

Are you a manufacturer that has been in the field for long? Perhaps you’re a newbie in the pyrolysis oil industry and looking for something to start with. Whichever category you belong to, the small scale pyrolysis machine is the perfect choice for you. The machine helps professionals to see the other side of the pyrolysis process through the batch operation. For starters, it is the ideal way to begin pyrolysis oil production.

Lower Investment Risk

Although a breakdown is not ruled out, you can be certain that it wouldn’t happen anytime soon. Besides, the low pyrolysis equipment cost helps you to bear any challenge that emanates from it. Before such an incident, you must have made your profit. So, having a small pyrolysis plant is a good way to enter the industry with less capital, while deriving massive benefits at the end. So investing in a small pyrolysis machine is an ideal business.

A Variety of Options

Another benefit of having the small pyrolysis machine for sale is the variety of options that come with it. For instance, you have the options of choosing across many kinds and models of variations depending on your needs. While considering this, it is important to visit a manufacturer that has a range of options. The models you can find at BESTON include skid-mounted pyrolysis plant, batch type, semi-continuous and fully continuous.

Low Investment but High Return

The batch pyrolysis machine has been designed with high efficiency. It can recycle 6-10t plastics or tires in one day. It has occupied less land, and the cost is also reduced. Besides, the small pyrolysis machine price is also as low as $67000. The output is high and the oil price has become higher and higher in the market. So you will never worry about the sales and price. You can turn waste into treasure and make profits.

Who Will Buy Small Pyrolysis Machine?

  1. Customers who have limited budget to use;
  2. Customers who have small amount of tires or plastics to dispose of;
  3. Customers who want to step into recycling industry;
  4. Customers who have smaller land to use;
  5. Customer who want quick return.

Small Scale Pyrolysis Plant
Beston Small Pyrolysis Machine Installed in Customer’s Site

Can Small Pyrolysis Machine be Profitable?

Yes, it is!

Taking waste tires as raw materials, here is the profit analysis of BLJ-6 batch tyre pyrolysis machine for your reference. It is just for your reference. You can contact us for the details and the most accurate report.

Analysis of BLJ-6  Pyrolysis Plant To Process Waste Tyre
Items Unit Consumption Unit price Total
Material Tyre 6MT/Day $46/MT
Fuel Pyrolysis oil 100kg/Day $0/kg
Electricity Pyrolysis 42.4KW (70%) 18Hour $0.14/KWH Daily consump 534kwh
Labor 6 person 1 day $15/person/day
Pyrolysis oil 45% oil yield 2.7MT $410/ton
Carbon black 30% yield 1.8MT $50/ton
Steel wire 15% yield 0.9MT $150/Ton
Daily Input
Items Unit Consumption Unit price Total
Tyre Ton 6 $46.00 $276.00
Pyrolysis oil KG 100 $0.00 $0.00
Electricity Pyrolysis KWH 534 $0.14 $74.76
Labor Person 6 $15.00 $90.00
Total $440.76
Daily Output
Items Unit Consumption Unit price Total
Pyrolysis oil Ton 2.7 $410.00 $1,107.00
Carbon black Ton 1.8 $50.00 $90.00
Steel wire Ton 0.9 $150.00 $135.00
Total $1,332.00
Daily Profits
Output – Input $891.24
Month Profits (25 working days) $22,281.00
Annual (10 Months) $222,810.00

Why Choose Beston Small Pyrolysis Machine?

Professional technical and business communication:

We have professional technical knowledge and business communication skills. We have a very professional team in the industry.

Professional design plan:

Proceed from the needs of customers, and do technical communication, preliminary test reports and preliminary plans from the perspective of customers. We always stand with customers, and takes ourselves as the role of the project partner to do this.

Stable product quality:

Strictly control the quality port from the production side, improve our production technology and production skills, let the quality awareness come alive, and make the product quality become a medium of continuous communication with customers in the later period.

Regular product return and call:

Pay more attention to customers’ projects and trends, so that customers feel our care and continuous follow-up of customer projects, and pass the attention screen.

Professional after-sales service guarantee:

We have a large professional after-sales service team, from equipment installation and commissioning to the later operation of the equipment, we will provide support to make sure your machines running well.

small pyrolysis unit
Beston Small Pyrolysis Unit for Sale With Reasonable Price

Batch Pyrolysis Plant VS Continuous Pyrolysis Plant

The degree of automation is different.

The fully continuous pyrolysis plant can be operated continuously, such as continuous feeding, continuous fuel oil output, and continuous carbon black discharging. It does not need to be shut down during pyrolysis reactor cooling and carbon black slagging. It can be continuously operated for 20-30 days without shutting down.

For batch pyrolysis plant, the process is to feed, then start heating, cooling oil gas into fuel oil, then the pyrolysis reactor is cooled, and finally carbon black slagging. Each process must starts after the previous process is complete.

The pretreatment of raw materials is different.

The raw materials that can be processed by the continuous pyrolysis plant are tires, rubber and plastics. These raw materials should be as clean as possible, and the raw materials should be shredded first. For example, the tires should be crushed into 5mm steel-free rubber particles to ensure smooth material in and out and keep the continuous tyre pyrolysis plant running continuously.

The batch pyrolysis equipment is not picky about the raw material conditions, and the whole tire or waste plastic can be directly sent to the pyrolysis reactor without cutting, cleaning and screening work.

Batch Pyrolysis Plant
Batch Pyrolysis Plant
Continuous Pyrolysis Plant
Continuous Pyrolysis Plant

If you are interested in purchasing a small pyrolysis machine, you can choose Beston. Because we are professional manufacturer with professional strength and rich experience. If you want to know more about this plant before you purchase, feel free to contact us or leave your message on Pinterest to us directly below.

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